The 4 Elements of Fitness

January 23rd, 2018
by Dewaine Ferris

Many people need to be fit however that raises a matter. Exactly what does it mean to be fit? The answer is uncomplicated. Being fit, you have to have physical capability in four areas: aerobic capacity, muscular endurance and strength, flexibility and body composition.

1. Aerobic Capacity. Aerobic capacity, which referred to as cardiorespiratory fitness, refers to the wellness aim of the guts, lungs and circulatory system. Simply stated, aerobic fitness is the ability in the cardiorespiratory system to supply an acceptable availability of oxygen to exercising muscles. As the aerobic capacity increases, what you can do to sign up in many intense and are more durable exercise also increases (e.g., walking, running, swimming and bicycling). It may be argued that aerobic capacity is a vital from the four portions of fitness because of the health advantages it bestows. Based on the American College of Sports Medicine, increased aerobic capacity contributes to reduced blood pressure, decreased total cholesterol, increased HDL (good) cholesterol, decreased extra fat, increased heart function and decreased chance of Diabetes.

2. Muscular Strength and Endurance. Muscular strength could be the maximum volume of force a muscle or muscle group can generate within a single contraction. Muscular endurance will be the number of repeated contractions a muscle or muscle group can perform without tiring. Are important components of overall fitness because boosting your strength through different types of resistance training (e.g., weightlifting) results in increased bone strength, decreased bone loss, decreased muscle loss, increased tendon and ligament strength, increased physical capacity, improved metabolic function (e.g., use-up more calories while resting), and decreased risk of injury.

3. Flexibility. Flexibility may be the range of flexibility in just a joint. Increased flexibility supplies a various benefits for example decreased risk of injury, increased blood circulation and nutrients to joint structures, increased neuromuscular coordination, decreased probability of lumbar pain, improved posture and reduced muscular tension.

4. Body Composition. Body composition means relative percentage of bodyweight that consists of excess fat and fat-free mass (everything besides fat for example muscles, organs, blood, bones and water). Generally speaking, the lower your body fat percentage the greater due to the diseases associated with excess unwanted fat including heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, arthritis and problems with sleep. I will be often asked, “Can you be fat and fit?” The reply is a formidable NO. A tremendous portion of fitness could be the possessing a sound body fat percentage because increased fat contributes to decreased athletic performance and increased probability of disease (though it is possible to be overweight and healthy since health is just the lack of disease or illness). In accordance with the American Council on Exercise, the normal body-fat percentage males is 18-24%. For fit men the percentage is 14-17%. The average percentage for females is 25-31%; however fit women will be in the range of 21-24%. Body-fat percentages above 25% males and 32% for women are thought obese.

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