Vienna Underground – A brief History

February 14th, 2018
by Dewaine Ferris

The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have a perfect date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the following many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for two years.

1898
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Vienna metro.

The midst of a lifetime
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been aimed at a city of three or four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there is also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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