The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have an exact date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me to become acceptable to Tunnelbohrmaschine.
The Middle of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been aimed at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved in support of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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