The public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been an extremely complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the next many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to U Bahn Netz Wien.
The center of a lifetime
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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