Vienna Underground – A quick History

February 14th, 2018
by Dewaine Ferris

The general public transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have a precise date for the first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the following several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to U2 Stationen.

The center of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was targeted at a city of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also an unfortunate politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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