The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have an exact date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the following years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Vienna subway.
The center of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was directed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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