Vienna Underground – A Short History

February 14th, 2018
by Dewaine Ferris

People transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to U-Bahn Wien.

The Middle of the Century
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been aimed at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As in many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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