Vienna Underground – A Short History

February 14th, 2018
by Dewaine Ferris

People transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have a precise date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been on the U4 line for two years.

1898
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification occurred some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to U2 Stationen.

The Middle of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was targeted at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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