Vienna Underground – A Short History

February 14th, 2018
by Dewaine Ferris

The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 and in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to U2 Wien.

The center of a lifetime
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there was also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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