The Basics of VPN

April 11th, 2018
by Nicole Lewis

The question of just how to clarify or define a VPN is but one that is certainly often up for discussion amongst today’s network consumers and communications providers. Whenever we consider the literal definition of the language virtual private network, it will help to understand is, what is actually not, a VPN.

Using Webster’s dictionary definitions with the component words, a VPN needs to have the next attributes:

Virtual – looked as “being such practically or perhaps effect, while not in reality or name.” Therefore, the beginning of the answer to our question “what is a VPN” could it be is something that acts like a hard-wired network, but is definitely not.

Private – thought as “of, owned by, or concerning a person or group; not common or general.” So, a VPN should be one where the consumer has exclusive standby time with the network links. (Note, this can be completely different from a Secure Network, which might be an exclusive or public network.)

Network – thought as “a system of computers interconnected by telephone wires or another means to be able to share information.” This can be the goal of a VPN or some other form of network.

VPN explained this way can be a network technology that gives the master to be able to share information with other people on the network on a private, exclusive link that’s produced by a method apart from hard-wires or leased lines; usually over the internet. Ahead of the internet, computers in numerous offices, cities or perhaps countries could only speak with the other like people could – through telephone wires. Because the needs with this form of communication grew, telephone lines became replaced by higher volume wires, like T3 circuits, however the concept was the identical.

For computer A to speak with computer B, there needed to be a physical wire connection. For security reasons, you need to make sure that only your 2 computers used that line, so that you would hire a vendor to “lease” that circuit. However, this kind of network was expensive and difficult to be expanded, let alone hard for the client to have control over.

With all the creation of the world wide web, connections not should be physical. So long as each computer has access to the world wide web, information can be shared using local ISP circuits, through the internet, and the recipient in exactly the same it had become in the event the computers were physically connected. This is why just how VPN works is regarded as a “virtual” network; the whole connection is just not hard-wired.

The aspects of VPN explained in this post up to now have not yet discussed a persistantly present concern in today’s world – security. In a old WAN arrangement, the safety of knowledge transmission could rely seen on the provider’s guarantees. Today, however, a VPN keeps information private by using encryption on the sending and receiving end. There are a number of encryption protocols, according to what a company’s needs are, who they must contact (and so be suitable for), etc. Your data is not only encrypted, however it is encapsulated, meaning it’s sent in a unique private “tunnel” or connection over the internet. No one can begin to see the data, and even should they could, they can’t decipher or put it back. In this manner, information might be sent over the internet without prone to interception or corruption by those who are away from the VPN.

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